Be prompt

Be Prepared

Be Responsible

Be Respectful

Be Polite

Be Positive

Be Kind

Be Wise

Be Safe

Social Studies geography concepts:

1. Locate and label the 7 continents and 5 oceans and spell them correctly

North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Antarctica, Australia

Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Indian Ocean. Be able to recognize the shapes of each continent.


2. Locate and label the hemispheres Northern or Southern, Eastern or Western


3. Know what features on a map you look at to understand a map: (1.) Title,

(2.) legend/key, (3.)Compass Rose and (4.)scale


Know definitions for each and how to use each feature: key, scale, scale bar, compass rose, Cardinal directions, intermediate directions


4. Know that latitude lines/parallel lines run horizontally (east to west) north and south of the equator using degrees from zero to 90.


5. Know that the main Longitude line is the Prime Meridian and that

Longitude lines/meridians run vertically (North to south) and converge at the North and South Poles.


6. Know that we have latitude and longitude lines to locate places on earth and which cardinal direction they run. Equator divides the northern and southern hemispheres. The Prime Meridian divides the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.


7. Know that the continents of Europe and Asia connect at the Ural

Mountains, and that Asia and Africa connect at the Sinai Peninsula and that Europe and Asia connect at the Caucasus Mountains.


8. Locate the Mediterranean Sea, Present day Greece, Egypt, Turkey (Asia Minor), Iraq, Italy and Ancient Mesopotamia


9. Define map and globe and be able to distinguish both. Define sphere and hemisphere.

10. Be able to define and use parts of a textbook: Gazetteer, index, Atlas, Glossary, Table of Contents, and reference.



Chapter 1, section 1

  1. Students will be      able to define the term geography and identify examples of geography,      especially physical geography.       Examples are in Ancient World Studies glossary of geographic      terms and Message of Ancient Days has examples of pictures in the      back of the book.
  2. Students will be able to explain how geography      affects/shapes/influences the way in which we live.
  3. Students will be able to explain how geography helps us      understand history and prehistory.
  4. Explain the difference between history and prehistory      and be able to use key terms:       History, prehistory, archaeology/archaeologist, oral tradition, and      geography.
  5. Students will create a picture that shows the different      features/ aspects/examples of what is geography. Earth’s surface: physical      geography (landforms and bodies of water) and the processes/actions that      shape it: Climate, weather, erosion.
  6. Map master: Skills Handbook (page M and M1) Students      will be able to identify and explain using examples, the Five Themes of      Geography:   1. Location      (absolute/relative, 2. region 3. place 4. movement (people, goods, ideas)      5. Human-environment interaction  
  7. Students will create a concept web explaining how      archaeologists learn about the past.      
  8. Be able to explain how geography affects the way in      which we live in Milford, CT using specific examples.

Section 2


  1. Define Hunter-gatherer, nomad, Agriculture,      domestication, Old Stone Age, New Stone Age, fertile.
  2. Students will be able to explain how hunter-gatherers      lived and survived during the Old Stone Age.
  3. Explain how early people were able to migrate from      Africa to colder climates.
  4. Compare and contrast the Old and New Stone age by      creating a Venn-diagram.       Specifically, what marked the beginning of the New Stone Age      (farming)?


Section 3

  1. Define irrigation (Geography theme: Human-environmental      interaction,) surplus, artisan, civilization, social classes, know the      significance of each word, draw a picture or icon for each word(study      strategy and be able to support each key term with examples from the text)
  2. Be able to create a sequence chart explaining the      rise/growth of a civilization
  3. Be able to explain characteristics of a      civilization: Surplus food,      specialization of labor (skilled jobs), social classes, central government      and culture. (SSSCC) Also cities, trade.
  4. Explain how ideas and goods were spread from      civilization to civilization and provide examples.(traders)
  5. Teach cause and effect, transition words (because,      since, therefore, so, If…then…).       Students will be able to identify cause and effect in passages, and      create their own C/E statements and paragraphs using details from the text      and prior knowledge. Re-teach in chapter 2.
  6. Create an expository or sequence paragraph using the      growth of civilization chart from section 3, focusing on proper transition      and conjunctions, main ideas and conclusion.


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